The Consumer Matters is the blog of Leslie Grandy, aka Gearhead Gal.  My passion is creating and delivering compelling products that delight customers through simple and elegant user experience design.

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Entries in ecommerce (5)


UPDATE: Three Reasons Why Twitter's Buy Button May Not Fly With Retailers and Consumers 

Twitter's recently announced launch into the online commerce space has gotten a lot of buzz, as practically any move Twitter makes these days does. The ability to buy directly from a tweet seems to be the natural extension of Twitter's card capability, and a clear response to the pressure to monetize social conversations.  However, on closer inspection, the Twitter experience may not ultimately create fans among retailers and their customers.  Why? Just look at the answers to these three questions:

1. Who owns the customer?  The customer will purchase an item from a retailer, but give their credit card to Twitter. That likely means a customer can't use the retailers own credit card, that often earns them loyalty points. Twitter's action to capture the customer data will fall under the Twitter Terms of Service, not the merchant's. Be careful to watch for updates to the privacy policy and Terms of Service agreements once credit cards are used. Will Twitter be permitted to provide my Macy's purchase history to Nordstrom's?

2. Who services the customer? Everyone knows that buying online inevitably leads to a return or exchange. In fact, sometimes when my friends purchase shoes they buy two sizes to ensure they get the one that fits properly. Will Twitter process the returns and credit? Occasionally, a merchant mixes up my order and sends me the wrong goods, or bills me for something I didn't receive. If I buy from Twitter, who will I call to make things right? The merchant? Twitter? My credit card company?  The lack of transparency around how Twitter plans to handle problems with fulfillment and returns could create hurdles to purchase for consumers, especially in the wake of credit card theft with more trusted merchants like Target and Home Depot.

3. Who bills the credit card? Recently, Squarespace, the platform behind this site, switched to billing through Stripe, the processor now working with Twitter. One day my Amex bill showed a monthly charge under the name "Stripe", prompting me to call Amex about the potential fraud for a charge I didn't recognize, only to discover it was placed on behalf of Squarespace.  As far as the credit card company is concerned, Stripe was the merchant who billed. As a customer, though, I thought I purchased from Squarespace. If I  have a dispute as a consumer, it is always telling who my credit card company communicates with on my behalf. Will the merchant brand, Twitter, or Stripe protect my credit interests best? 

Online shopping depends on a trusted relationship between the consumer and the merchant.  However, with the introduction of the Twitter Buy button, there are now a number of platforms involved in disintermediating that relationship when purchasing through Twitter. Consequently, it is hard to imagine that this trusted relationship will remain unaffected by the social giant participating in - and actually managing - these transactions on behalf of well-loved retail brands.

September 22, 2014 UPDATE:

Having just received a Burberry tweet with a BuyNow button embedded in it, I was able to test the end to end process and easily access a link to Twitter's new Commerce Terms. 

A few interesting things to notice about their approach to the above questions...

1. Who Owns the Customer? Twitter indicates that the transfer of title and liability for the product arriving in good condition rests with the merchant. "The transfer of title and risk of loss for any Product you purchase using Buy Now is solely between you and the Merchant. Twitter is not responsible or liable for any Product loss, destruction or other damage, whether during delivery or otherwise."  This indicates the Merchant remains the owner of the customer, and although Twitter is also storing all valid customer data they are not providing any consumer service for the benefit except facilitating repeat purchases.

2. Who Services the Customer? The language around Twitter's role in a consumer dispute related to a transaction that happens on Twitter is quite clear - Twitter is not involved. Go to the merchant, and please don't contact us if your order doesn't go through as you might have expected.

a. Customer Service. You agree that you will direct all customer service inquiries, complaints, problems and other issues, including disputes, to the Merchant who sold the Product you purchased.

b. Merchant Disputes. Twitter does not handle disputes on behalf of the Merchant. If you report any customer service issues relating to a purchase made through Buy Now Features to Twitter, we may forward that communication to the appropriate Merchant.

One way to avoid handling customer disputes is to indicate that a product bought through this method are not eligible for return (let alone a free return.) So read the return policy carefully.

3. Who Bills the Credit Card? It matters who bills your credit card, especially when unauthorized charges might appear on your statement. So it is important to note Twitter's position on this as I stated above. Once again, Twitter indicates they are not to be held accountable for unauthorized charges, despite the fact they are storing your credit data.

a. Unauthorized Charges. You agree that the applicable Merchant, not Twitter, will be solely responsible for resolving any unauthorized transaction claims or any other transaction disputes, and you will need to contact such Merchant directly to resolve any transaction claims or concerns.
b. Notification of Unauthorized Charge. You agree to notify Twitter immediately (for Twitter’s informational purposes only) if you believe an unauthorized transaction has occurred under your Twitter account using the Buy Now Features.


The thing to understand as a consumer is that Twitter's Commerce Terms are crafted solely to position their platform as a service with virtually no accountability for its role in handling the purchase transaction. "Twitter only provides the platform for facilitating the transaction and user services" and "assumes no responsibility or liability for the Product Listing, Products, order fulfillment (including shipping and returns), the actions or inaction of Merchants, or any dispute or communications you have with the Merchant."

Buyer beware.




Guest Post: How Luxury Brands Can Prepare for Affluent Millennials

This guest post is written by Lior Levin, a marketing consultant for a company that provides a to do list app for businesses and individuals, and who also consults for an inspection company that offers various Pre shipment inspections in China.

Millennials, meaning those between the ages of 18 and 29, are easily the fastest-growing market for luxury goods. Not only did they spend 31% more on such goods in 2011 than they did just one year prior, but due to their age, they have the potential to continue that growth for a lot longer than their older counterparts.

Clearly, Millennials are going to be a core target for luxury brands, however, they also pose an interesting set of challenges. Simply put, Millennials don’t buy luxury products in the same way as baby boomers or other generations nor do they value the same things in a luxury brand.

If luxury brands are going to appeal to Millennials, they need to start thinking about how to shift their marketing and their message to prepare for a very different type of consumer with very different wants and needs.

Luxury Alone is Not Enough

One of the biggest differences between Millennials and boomers is that, for Millennials, saying that a brand is a luxury and pricing it accordingly is not enough to convince them to buy.

Previously, buying a luxury good was as much about showcasing wealth as it was buying a superior product. Simply pricing something higher and marketing it as exclusive was enough to get most luxury buyers in the door. However, Millennials want to know what they are getting for the extra amount they are paying and how it will benefit them.

A recent study by Luxury Society found that shoppers favored quality, craftsmanship and design over brand name when promoting a luxury brand, making these elements key to showcase in any promotion.

If you can’t convey clearly why your brand is worth more than cheaper alternatives, Millennials will not be likely to spend their money with you. They simply feel no need to show off their wealth and will gladly buy a cheaper product if they feel it’s of the same quality and meets the same needs.

The Human Element

Luxury brands that do well with Millennials, such as Whole Foods, do so in large part because they focus on the human element of selling and marketing.

This includes both telling the story behind their brand and their products (including how and where it was made and who made it), but also treating the customer with respect and looking out for their best interests beyond merely trying to get the next sale.

Whole Foods stores tend to be warm and inviting places, Apple Stores tend to have legions of well-trained staff, and they do so not to ensure that they maximize sales, but to provide the best customer experience possible.

However, this appeal comes at price. Whole Foods doesn’t carry a lot of high-margin brands that don’t fit with their image and Apple Stores tend to have a lot of wasted floor space. But like all human connections, it’s a matter of give and take. The brands that give more to their customers will find them more willing to buy from them.

Brands that have thrived on being exclusive and unapproachable are going to have to change their customer-facing operations to better appeal to younger consumers that seek out a more human connection with what they buy.

The Use of Technology

Obviously, Millennials are much more comfortable with and eager to use technology than their older counterparts. Millennials grew up in a post-Internet age, and they expect the brands they buy, especially luxury ones, to be tech-savvy as well.

This use of technology isn’t just about how brands promote to customers, such as with online campaigns or high-tech in-store displays, but also about how they communicate and maintain contact with them. Email newsletters, text alerts, live chats and even video conferencing are just some of the ways brands can keep in touch with customers or have their customers contact them.

Luxury brands need to be where their customers are, and this means online, on social media and on mobile devices. This not only increases convenience for the customer, bringing the brand to them rather than the other way around, but it helps keep the name relevant and modern, two things Millennials value.

If a brand can’t stay current, it’s likely to be left behind and forgotten by younger customers.

All in all, Millennials are far more demanding of luxury brands, and they don’t necessarily reward the brands that they do purchase with an increased amount of brand loyalty. Millennials, as a group, tend to enjoy exploring and trying new things, even if it means leaving behind a brand that worked hard to get them as a customer.

Turning Millennials into customers isn’t going to be a matter of creating an exclusive group and daring them to join. Even the wealthiest Millennials don’t feel the need to flaunt their wealth or be a part of a “club”.

Millennials want facts to back up their purchases, a real human connection with the company they’re buying from and to have access to their brand wherever they are and whenever they want to.

Providing that is going to mean making a major shift for many luxury brands but those that can do that, such as Apple, will be able to ride the wave of the fastest-growing and, most likely, longest-lasting growth segment for luxury goods.

Those that don’t, such as Cadillac, will likely find themselves being viewed as antiquated and struggling to reach a younger audience as their current target market ages.


Retail '11 - How Technology is Changing the Customer Experience

Holly Brown, the Chief Innovation Officer of our company, r2i, and I attended a great conference today at the University of Washington on retail management. The event was keynoted by the elusive EVP, Jamie Nordstrom.  I asked Holly to share what she thought that was the most interesting takeaway from today's discussions. Here's here answer. 

Dec022009 Helps Inventors Find an Audience

With news that another 169,000 jobs were lost in November, the ranks of the unemployed have swollen and the opportunity to find new employment has diminished. For some impacted by a job loss, the only answer may be to go into a different line of work, and re-train for another career. For others, the circumstances create the best opportunity to start a business or pursue a dream or invent a breakthrough product.

Fortunately, garage inventors now have a platform to launch that great idea. Yak About It is a site dedicated to evangelizing these homegrown inventions and creating opportunities for the world to notice the little guy with the big dream.

The site provides community and commYakaboutiterce tools and delivers inventors feedback on price and design. Yak About It also facilitates awareness through social media, which may create distribution opportunities the inventor may never have uncovered.

 Click here to


Great Products One At A Time - My Interview with Jules Pieri, Founder,

I met Jules Pieri, founder and CEO of and an innovator in social commerce, through my network of networks. (You can explore the Daily Grommet widget embedded in my site.)  I followed links through some of my favorite design and business sites that led me to her website, Being an avid online shopper, and because I live in a city where designers mostly invent new things to do with fleece, I’m probably more inclined than most people to stop and window shop at new places I find on the web. I really enjoy discovering special gifts that way, buying something for a friend they’d never find themselves.  But the problem with shopping online is that it is so impersonal, so hard to be sure you are buying from a great manufacturer who cares about quality.  It’s awful when the pictures don’t reveal a “feature” of the product that makes it frustrating to use after you get it, or that the materials make it hard to handle.  Admittedly, for commodity purchases, I might shop a local store and find a better price online, having investigated the substance of it on the store shelf at the mall.  But with handcrafted merchandise and locally made products that don’t have bricks and mortar nationwide distribution, that method of evaluation doesn’t work.

Perhaps because I am an ex-filmmaker, I was delighted to find that The Daily Grommet creates little movies for each product, revealing stories about its creators and purpose, and conveying personal experiences the The Daily Grommet’s discovery team has had while using the product in their daily lives.  The experience is one that immediately resonated with me, because the entire premise of The Daily Grommet is to help people really assess how well a product will meet the expectations they should have for enjoying a great experience from their purchase.

The Daily Grommet staff provides this service almost as a trusted advisor for the consumer.  To thoroughly investigate a product, The Daily Grommet puts a lot of time, energy and expertise into telling each product story.  Therefore, the team produces only one Grommet story per day, an unusual model for driving loyalty and revenue in online commerce.  With Amazon and Walmart selling anything and everything online, and since any little mom and pop store in a small town can set up a digital catalog with a web address and a PayPal account, I was curious to understand what Jules was thinking when she started the company.   Read my interview with her here to find out how she connects products and customers.

Q & A with Jules Pieri, Founder and CEO of marketplace for inventive consumer products.  In her own words: RT@julespieri I'm also an industrial designer, a mother, and an amateur cultural anthropologist.

Gearhead Gal wants to know... With so many places I can shop online today, what is the one true thing you believe that converts browsers who visit your site into shoppers?

The product stories.  A casual browser on our site will find products they’ve never seen, and their stories are compelling.

But can I say a second true thing?  I think it is unusual to see “real people” who know what they are talking about explain products.  New visitors to our site say, “I don’t know what it is, but there is something so real and honest about what you do.” 

How are you sure the product stories that resonate with your discovery team will be successful in the consumer marketplace?

We aren’t!  We just take chances and have guts.  And because social media tools and technologies are at the heart of our business, we do have the unique opportunity to watch and see if a story is submitted to us from a variety of people and sources.  In fact, we want to amp that up and make all that interaction more visible.  We’d like to give our community exposure to the submissions—we get a flood of ideas from people and these ideas are too much behind the scenes right now.

Beyond that, we purposely pick products that are also just plain fascinatig and perhaps not mainstream, and because they might surprise someone.  Our job is to keep a person interested, not to make them buy something every day.  It’s much harder to earn a person’s attention than to get a credit card payment.

And, at the end of the day, if the “fringe” products do happen to appeal to an individual, they create a pretty deep bond between that person and Daily Grommet.  A good example of that was a hand-forged cribbage board we featured last year.  I loved the artist and his craft…we had no idea that cribbage players are rabid about their game.  It sold out in minutes.

As a businessperson, how can you forecast appeal for a product when meaning and experience are subjective to consumers? 

We can’t.  It’s even more complicated than that because we are dealing with a new product every day.  But we can see patterns and we work with those as best we can.  And we can solicit feedback from our community. 

But here’s the thing, consumer products people have to have strong instincts and ability to read the general cultural zeitgeist.  People who haven’t built careers doing that are intimidated by the subjectivity and confidence it takes.  We aren’t.  And we are delighted to have direct access to the opinions and ideas of a massive number of people via social media.  We never had that earlier in our careers.  It used to be called market research.  It was slow and expensive.  This is fast and almost free.

If your site was evaluated as a Grommet by your own discovery team, how would the service you provide to your customers measure up?

Cool question.  Well, we would be hard on us.  We’d give it an especially close look if it was submitted by someone who loved Daily Grommet and could tell us why.  We would evaluate the “freshness” of the finds and the “truth” of the stories.  In other words, the accuracy of the Daily Grommet promise.  We would order a few products and test them.  We would submit comments and customer service questions, and a few new Grommet ideas, to see if these “Grommet chicks” were the real deal.  We would watch the quality of EVERYTHING.  That process could take a couple months.  And, after that, Daily Grommet would be a shoo-in.  

We would “get through” because we ARE the real deal.  You should see the emails my partner Joanne crafts when she REJECTS a Grommet.   They are so human and concerned and often quite detailed.  She gives advice and tips for improving the product or business.  The same thing when our COO Patti gets a random customer service inquiry.  And same thing when we talk about a possible Grommet. Our conversations are energized, respectful, and honest.

Sundance Catalog, Red Envelope and other merchants share their “product stories” and they promote more than a single product per day.  Why only one per day?

People are busy.  We just want Grommet to be a tiny daily adventure, not a huge time sink.  And you can’t get more attention and mind share from someone just because you have more to say.  There is a natural limit to a person’s attention span.  And, at the end of the day, I just like the “Ahhhhhhh…..” relief of telling someone “Here.  Just think about this one thing.  Nothing more.” 

Beyond that, we are maniacal about each story.  Getting it right.  We would need a lot more people to do more than one a day.  You are killing me. 

Some products you sell directly from your site but there are others which launch another website to complete the transaction.  Doesn’t that add risk by introducing variability in your branded customer experience? Don’t you risk losing your customer’s loyalty in the hand off?

Absolutely.  You caught us in the middle of a transition. We realized that people were getting confused and lost when we sent them off to other websites.  It was a good way to start the business, but not great for building a reliable customer experience. We actually are simplifying our site and catalog to mainly take the orders from Daily Grommet.

But we do really like web services and custom configured products like Mix My Granola, and Tia’s Sandals, where you can build your own sandals from recycled saris.  We will always have to send people off to those “configuration” sites directly.  But they will be a minority of the Grommets. 

I see a variety of Grommet categories on your site, but not all categories have the same number of Grommets. What categories seem to generate the most candidates for Grommets and why?

Categories which foster problem solving:  gadgets, gear, health and beauty.

Innovation is becoming such an overused term by companies these days, just like business process re-engineering was in the 90’s.  How do you keep from ensuring the products you curate aren’t just fads?

Fads are shallow.  Grommets are not.  They are truly inventive and borne of passion.  I guess we could get caught in something that gets turned into a fad by a major marketing campaign, like the Sham-wow.  But not likely.  One test of that is if we find a Grommet for which no one on our team is willing to do the video.  That’s a shallow idea.  Like that kooky Snuggly blanket.  We would have died of embarrassment if we had to do that video.

You’re an industrial designer with a fine arts degree and a Harvard MBA.  What do you think is the piece of business advice you wish they’d given you in your training as a designer?

Don’t let the MBA’s bamboozle you and have all the fun.  A design training is excellent preparation for starting a business. 

As a product designer in today’s economic climate, what are the most important things to be thinking about if I want my product to be deemed “Grommet-worthy?”

People are very demanding of the end-to-end performance of a product.  They look for green and social enterprise benefits, they look for domestic job creation and manufacture, they look for product creators with real personal commitment to their inventions, they expect solid design and manufacture and customer service, and they expect you to have a story that will make them care.  It’s a tall order.  That’s why it’s so hard to become a Grommet.  If I had to isolate one quality, though, it would be offering a true and compelling story for your product.  Don’t send it out in the world naked and defenseless with just a thin little price tag for armor.

Find more about Jules Pieri on   or on her blog.